The Marine chapter of the 2016 State of the Environment (SoE) report incorporates multiple expert templates developed from
streams of marine data. This metadata record describes the Expert Assessment "The state and trends of quality of species
and groups - inner shelf reef fish species". The full Expert Assessment, including figures and tables (where provided),
is attached to this record. Where available, the Data Stream(s) used to generate this Expert Assessment are accessible through
the "On-line Resources" section of this record.
DESCRIPTION OF ECOLOGICAL SPECIES/COMMUNITY FOR EXPERT ASSESSMENT
Bony and cartilaginous fish assemblages found on coastal rocky and coral reefs <25 m depth, around the Australian continent.
This includes all species (most not exploited).
DATA STREAM(S) USED IN EXPERT ASSESSMENT
Reef Life Survey visual census data were used for the current status assessment, with extensive spatial coverage of sites
around the continent. Temporal trend information came from a combination of RLS, LTTRMP and AIMS long-term GBR monitoring
datasets at 16 particular locations (MPA locations include the broader region and sites inside and outside sanctuary zones):
NSW: Batemans Marine Park, Jervis Bay Marine Park, Sydney, Lord Howe Island, Port Stephens
VIC: Beware Reef, Port Phillip Heads
SA: Encounter Bay (Fleurieu Peninsula)
WA: Rottnest Island, Jurien Marine Park, Ningaloo Marine Park
QLD: Capricorn-Bunker, Southern GBR, Central GBR, Northern GBR
TAS: Maria Island
2016 SOE ASSESSMENT SUMMARY [see attached Expert Assessment for full details]
• 2016 •
Assessment grade: Poor
Assessment trend: Deteriorating
Confidence grade: Adequate high quality evidence and high level of consensus
Confidence trend: Adequate high quality evidence and high level of consensus
Comparability: Grade and trend are somewhat comparable to the 2011 assessment
• 2011 •
Assessment trend: Stable
Confidence grade: Limited evidence or limited consensus
Confidence trend: Limited evidence or limited consensus
CHANGES SINCE 2011 SOE ASSESSMENT
Unclear what the 2011 assessment was based on.
Edgar GJ and Stuart-Smith RD (2009). Ecological effects of marine protected areas on rocky reef communities: a continental-scale
analysis. Marine Ecology Progress Series 388:51-62
Edgar, GJ, RD Stuart-Smith (2014). Systematic global assessment of reef fish communities by the Reef Life Survey program.
Scientific Data 1: 140007
Edgar GJ, R. D. Stuart-Smith, T. J. Willis, S. J. Kininmonth, S. C. Baker, S. Banks, N. S. Barrett, M. A. Becerro, A. T.
F. Bernard, J. Berkhout, C. D. Buxton, S. J. Campbell, A. T. Cooper, M. L. Davey, S. C. Edgar, G. Försterra, D. E. Galván,
A. J. Irigoyen, D. J. Kushner, R. Moura, P. E. Parnell, N. T. Shears, G. Soler, E. M.A. Strain, R. J. Thomson. (2014). Global
conservation outcomes depend on marine protected areas with five key features. Nature 506: 216–220
QUALITY OF DATA USED IN THE ASSESSMENT
Data quality is considered high, with assessment of data quality for RLS data presented in Edgar & Stuart-Smith (2009).
CUSTODIAN AND LOCATION OF DATA
RLS data are publically available at www.reeflifesurvey.com, custodian for the LTTRMP is Neville Barrett (Neville.Barrett@utas.edu.au) and for the AIMS long-term GBR monitoring Hugh Sweatman (firstname.lastname@example.org)
METHOD USED TO DETERMINE STATE OR RECENT TREND
Methods used to determine state or recent trend are outlined for the case study on the national assessment of reefs. The
analysis is based on species recorded at each site in 3 years or more over last 10 years for monitoring locations, with
abundance of each species standardised by their maximum abundance at that particular site. Mean trend then represents the
mean standardised abundance of each species across all sites surveyed in a given year.
When citing this Expert Assessment in a list of references use the following format:
citation author name/s (year metadata published), metadata title. Citation author organisation/s. File identifier and Data
accessed at (add http link).