The Marine chapter of the 2016 State of the Environment (SoE) report incorporates multiple expert templates developed from
streams of marine data. This metadata record describes the Expert Assessment "The state and trends of quality of species
and groups – pinnipeds". The full Expert Assessment, including figures and tables (where provided), is attached to this
record. Where available, the Data Stream(s) used to generate this Expert Assessment are accessible through the "On-line
Resources" section of this record.
DESCRIPTION OF TAXONOMIC GROUP FOR EXPERT ASSESSMENT
This expert assessment covers 3 species of pinnipeds:
• Australian sea lion (Neophoca cinerea)
• Australian Fur Seal (Arctocephalus pusillus doriferus)
• Long-nosed fur seal (LNFS), Arctocephalus forsteri – formerly New Zealand fur seal
DATA STREAM(S) USED IN EXPERT ASSESSMENT
The assessments are based on data and analyses published in peer-review publications and agency reports (see publications
in "Supplementary Information") and data held by SARDI, WA DPAW, Phillip Island Nature Parks Details on the specific data
products used in this assessment have not been provided.
2016 SOE ASSESSMENT SUMMARY [see attached Expert Assessment for full details]
• 2016 •
Assessment grade: Good
Assessment trend: Improving
Confidence grade: Adequate high quality evidence and high level of consensus
Confidence trend: Adequate high quality evidence and high level of consensus
Comparability: Grade and trend are comparable to the 2011 assessment
• 2011 •
Confidence grade: Limited evidence or limited consensus
Confidence trend: Limited evidence or limited consensus
CHANGES SINCE 2011 SOE ASSESSMENT
Campbell, R., Holley, D., Collins, P. and Armstrong, S. (2014). Changes in the abundance and distribution of the New Zealand
fur seal (Arctocephalus forsteri) in Western Australia: are they approaching carrying capacity? Australian Journal of Zoology
Chilvers, B.L. & Goldsworthy, S.D. (2015). Arctocephalus forsteri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: www.iucnredlist.org.
Goldsworthy, S. D., Mackay, A. I., Shaughnessy, P. D., Bailleul, F, Holman, D. (2015). Maintaining the monitoring of pup
production at key Australian sea lion colonies in South Australia (2014/15). Final Report to the Australian Marine Mammal
Centre. South Australian Research and Development Institute (Aquatic Sciences), Adelaide. SARDI Publication No. F2012/000665-5.
SARDI Research Report Series No. 871. 73pp.
Johnson, D. S. and Fritz, L. (2014). agTrend: A Bayesian approach for estimating trends of aggregated abundance. Methods
in Ecology and Evolution, 5: 1110–1115.
Kirkwood, R. and Goldsworthy, S.D. (2013). Fur Seals and Sea Lions. Australian Natural History Series. CSIRO Publishing,
Kirkwood, R., Pemberton, D., Gales, R., Hoskins, A.J., Mitchell, A., Shaughnessy, P.D. and Arnould, J.P.Y. (2010). Continued
population recovery by Australian fur seals. Marine and Freshwater Research 61, 695–701.
McIntosh, R., Sutherland, D., Dann, P., Kirkwood, R., Thalman, S., Alderman, R., Arnould, J. P. Y., Mitchell, T., Kirkman,
S. P., Salton, M., and Slip, D. (2014). Pup estimates for Australian and New Zealand fur seals in Victoria, Tasmania and
New South Wales between 2007 and 2013. Report to The Australian Marine Mammal Centre, Department of the Environment.
Shaughnessy, P. D., Goldsworthy, S. D., and Mackay, A. I. (2015). Status and trends in abundance of the long-nosed fur seal
in South Australia in 2013-14. Australian Journal of Zoology 63, 101–110.
Shaughnessy, P. D., and Goldsworthy, S. D. (2016). Increasing abundance of pups of the long-nosed fur seal Arctocephalus forsteri
on Kangaroo Island, South Australia over 26 breeding seasons to 2013-14. Wildlife Research
QUALITY OF DATA USED IN THE ASSESSMENT
CUSTODIAN AND LOCATION OF DATA
Simon Goldsworthy, SARDI Aquatic Sciences, PO Box 120, Henley Beach, SA 5022, Australia firstname.lastname@example.org (Australian sea lion, long-nosed fur seal)
Kelly Waples and Holly Raudino, Department of Parks and Wildlife, Western Australia (Australian sea lion)
Dr Rebecca McIntosh, Phillip Island Nature Parks, PO Box 97, Cowes, Victoria 3922, Australia email@example.com (long-nosed fur seal, Australian fur seal)
METHOD USED TO DETERMINE STATE OR RECENT TREND
Comparison of pup production estimates over several breeding seasons (Australian sea lion, long-nosed fur seal), comparison
of pup production estimates over three breeding seasons: 2002-03, 2007–08 and 2013–14 (Australian fur seal).
When citing this Expert Assessment in a list of references use the following format:
citation author name/s (year metadata published), metadata title. Citation author organisation/s. File identifier and Data
accessed at (add http link).