The Marine chapter of the 2016 State of the Environment (SoE) report incorporates multiple expert templates developed from
streams of marine data. This metadata record describes the Expert Assessment "The state and trends of quality of species
and groups – seabirds". The full Expert Assessment, including figures and tables (where provided), is attached to this record.
Where available, the Data Stream(s) used to generate this Expert Assessment are accessible through the "On-line Resources"
section of this record.
DESCRIPTION OF TAXONOMIC GROUP FOR EXPERT ASSESSMENT
There are presently 57 species of seabirds known to breed in and around Australia and the external territories of Cocos
(Keeling) and Christmas Island, Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands, Ashmore and Cartier Islands, and the Coral Sea islands. These
57 species are comprised of penguins (1 species), albatrosses (1 species), petrels, shearwaters and storm-petrels (19
species), boobies, tropicbirds, frigatebirds, cormorants and pelican (16 species) and gulls, tern, and noddies (20 species).
Another 130 species of seabirds have been recorded in Australia, either as non-breeding or vagrant. Shorebirds are not considered
here, nor are issues associated with nesting or onshore breeding colonies as these are assessed under the Coasts chapter.
Species breeding on subantarctic islands and the Antarctic continent are assessed under the Antarctic chapter.
DATA STREAM(S) USED IN EXPERT ASSESSMENT
The assessment was based on data and analyses published in the peer reviewed literature and agency reports. Details on the
specific data products used in this assessment have not been provided.
2016 SOE ASSESSMENT SUMMARY [see attached Expert Assessment for full details]
• 2016 •
Assessment grade: Good
Assessment trend: Unclear
Confidence grade: Limited evidence or limited consensus
Confidence trend: Limited evidence or limited consensus
Comparability: Grade and trend are somewhat comparable to the 2011 assessment
• 2011 •
Assessment trend: Stable
CHANGES SINCE 2011 SOE ASSESSMENT
Unclear how the 2011 assessment was carried out and on what data. There is very little data on trends in populations available
and so the trend cannot be regarded as stable but rather unclear.
Alderman, R., Gales, R., Tuck, G. N., & Lebreton, J. D. (2012). Global population status of shy albatross and an assessment
of colony-specific trends and drivers. Wildlife Research, 38(8), 672-686
Cannell et al. 2012
Carlile, N., & Priddel, D. (2015). establishment and growth of the White Tern Gygis alba population on Lord Howe Island,
Australia. Marine Ornithology, 43, 113-118.
Chambers, L. E., Devney, C. A., Congdon, B. C., Dunlop, N., Woehler, E. J., & Dann, P. (2011). Observed and predicted effects
of climate on Australian seabirds. Emu, 111(3), 235-251
Chambers, L. E., Dann, P., Cannell, B., & Woehler, E. J. (2014). Climate as a driver of phenological change in southern seabirds.
International journal of biometeorology, 58(4), 603-612.
Chambers, L. E., Patterson, T., Hobday, A. J., Arnould, J. P., Tuck, G. N., Wilcox, C., & Dann, P. (2015). Determining trends
and environmental drivers from long-term marine mammal and seabird data: examples from Southern Australia. Regional Environmental
Change, 15(1), 197-209.
Cleeland, J. B., Lea, M.-A., Hindell, M. A. (2014). Use of the Southern Ocean by breeding short-tailed shearwaters (Puffinus
tenuirostris). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 450, 109-117.
Clarke, R. H., Carter, M., Swann, G., & Thomson, J. (2011). The status of breeding seabirds and herons at Ashmore Reef,
off the Kimberley coast, Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia, 94, 171-182.
Croxall, J. P., Butchart, S. H., Lascelles, B., Stattersfield, A. J., Sullivan, B., Symes, A., & Taylor, P. H. I. L. (2012).
Seabird conservation status, threats and priority actions: a global assessment. Bird Conservation International 22, 1-34.
DoE. (2014). Threat abatement plan 2014 for the incidental catch (or bycatch) of seabirds during oceanic longline fishing
operations. Department of the Environment, Canberra.
DoE. (2015). Threat abatement plan for the impacts of marine debris on vertebrate marine life. Review 2009-2014. Department
of Environment, Canberra.
Dann, P., & Chambers, L. (2013). Ecological effects of climate change on Little Penguins Eudyptula minor and the potential
economic impact on tourism. Clim Res, 58, 67-79.
Dunlop, J. N. (2009). The population dynamics of tropical seabirds establishing frontier colonies on islands off south-western
Australia. Marine Ornithology 37, 99-105.
Garnett S, Franklin D, Ehmke G, VanDerWal J, Hodgson L, Pavey C, Reside A, Welbergen J, Butchart S, Perkins G, Williams S.,
(2013). Climate change adaptation strategies for Australian birds. NCCARF.
Hemson, G. 2015. Report on the survey of breeding populations of wedge-tailed shearwaters and black noddies in the Capricornia
Cays National Park. 2014-2015 Breeding Season. Brisbane: Department of National Parks, Sport and Racing, Queensland Government.
Misso, M., & MacRae, I. (2014). The conservation management of Pulu Keeling National Park: challenges and perspectives.
Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 62 (Suppl. 30), 24-28.
Pyk, T. M., Weston, M. A., Bunce, A., & Norman, F. I. (2013). Establishment and development of a seabird colony: long-term
trends in phenology, breeding success, recruitment, breeding density and demography. Journal of Ornithology 154, 299-310.
Reid, T., Hindell, M., Lavers, J. L., & Wilcox, C. (2013a). Re-examining mortality sources and population trends in a declining
seabird: using Bayesian methods to incorporate existing information and new data. PloS One 8(4), e58230.
Reid, T. A., Tuck, G. N., Hindell, M. A., Thalmann, S. Phillips, R. A. et al. (2013b). Nonbreeding distribution of flesh-footed
shearwaters and the potential for overlap with north Pacific fisheries. Biological Conservation 166, 3-10.
Sommerfeld, J., Kato, A., Ropert-Coudert, Y., Garthe, S., Wilcox, C., et al. (2015). Flexible foraging behaviour in a marine
predator, the masked booby (Sula dactylatra), according to foraging locations and environmental conditions. Journal of Experimental
Marine Biology and Ecology, 463, 79-86.
Sutherland, D. R., & Dann, P. (2014). Population trends in a substantial colony of little penguins: three independent measures
over three decades. Biodiversity and conservation, 23(1), 241-250.
Thalmann, S.J., Baker, G., Hindell, M.A., Tuck, G.N. (2009). Longline Fisheries and Foraging Distribution of Flesh-Footed
Shearwaters in Eastern Australia. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 73, (3), 399-406.
Tirtaningtyas, F. N., & Hennicke, J. C. (2015). Threats to the critically endangered Christmas Island Frigatebird Fregata
andrewsi in Jakarta Bay, Indonesia, and implications for reconsidering conservation priorities. Marine Ornithology 43, 137-140.
Woehler E, Patterson TA, Bravington MV, Hobday AJ, Chambers LE (2014) Climate and competition in abundance trends in native
and invasive Tasmanian gulls. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 511, 249-263. doi: 10.3354/meps10886
QUALITY OF DATA USED IN THE ASSESSMENT
CUSTODIAN AND LOCATION OF DATA
Data has been sourced from various authors and agencies (details of the specific data products used in this assessment have
not been provided).
METHOD USED TO DETERMINE STATE OR RECENT TREND
Expert assessment of peer reviewed literature and agency reports.
When citing this Expert Assessment in a list of references use the following format:
citation author name/s (year metadata published), metadata title. Citation author organisation/s. File identifier and Data
accessed at (add http link).