The Marine chapter of the 2016 State of the Environment (SoE) report incorporates multiple expert templates developed from
streams of marine data. This metadata record describes the Expert Assessment "The state and trends of quality of species
and groups – demersal and benthopelagic fish species, outer shelf (25 m - 250 m)". The full Expert Assessment, including
figures and tables (where provided), is attached to this record. Where available, the Data Stream(s) used to generate this
Expert Assessment are accessible through the "On-line Resources" section of this record.
DESCRIPTION OF ECOLOGICAL SPECIES/COMMUNITY FOR EXPERT ASSESSMENT
Most information on demersal and benthopelagic fish species is derived from fisheries catches. Fishing is predominately
concentrated in the south-east (Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark Fishery; SESSF) and in the north-east (Queensland
The demersal and benthopelagic fished species and populations over the shelf of Australian waters are influenced by changes
in the physical environment (warming waters on the east coast, and episodic thermal events on the west coast), by terrestrial
sources of pollution, and the effects of extractive industries such as fishing and mining.
DATA STREAM(S) USED IN EXPERT ASSESSMENT
This assessment is based on fisheries assessments of commercial species. Data on state and trends and associated spatial
and temporal coverage are detailed in the publications provided in the reference list.
2016 SOE ASSESSMENT SUMMARY [see attached Expert Assessment for full details]
• 2016 •
Assessment grade: Poor
Assessment trend: Improving
Confidence grade: Adequate high-quality evidence or high level of consensus
Confidence trend: Limited evidence or limited consensus
Comparability: Grade and trend are somewhat comparable to the 2011 assessment
• 2011 •
Assessment grade: Very good
Assessment trend: Stable
CHANGES SINCE 2011 SOE ASSESSMENT
It is not clear how the assessment in 2011 was derived. The 2016 is based on the most recent commercial fisheries assessments.
Campbell, AB, O’Neill, MF, Sumpton, W, Kirkwood, J. and Wesche, S. 2009. Stock assessment summary of the Queensland snapper
fishery (Australia) and management strategies for improving sustainability. The State of Queensland, Department of Employment,
Economic Development and Innovation, 2009.
DPI (2014). Status of fisheries resources in NSW 2011–2012 summary. Department of Primary Industries. May 2014.
Emery, T., Bell, J., Lyle, J. and Hartmann, K. 2015. Tasmanian Scalefish Fishery Assessment 2013/14. IMAS Fisheries and
Aquaculture, Hobart. https://secure.utas.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0011/778556/Scalefish-Assessment_2013_2014-Web.pdf
Fletcher, W.J. and Santoro, K. (eds). (2015). Status Reports of the Fisheries and Aquatic Resources of Western Australia
2014/15: The State of the Fisheries. Department of Fisheries, Western Australia. http://www.fish.wa.gov.au/Documents/sofar/status_reports_of_the_fisheries_and_aquatic_resources_2014-15.pdf
Flood, M, Stobutzki, I, Andrews, J, Ashby, C, Begg, G, Fletcher, R, Gardner, C, Georgeson, L, Hansen, S, Hartmann, K, Hone,
P, Horvat, P, Maloney, L, McDonald, B, Moore, A, Roelofs, A, Sainsbury, K, Saunders, T, Smith, T, Stewardson, C, Stewart,
J & Wise, B (eds) (2014) Status of key Australian fish stocks reports 2014, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation,
Fowler,A.J., McGarvey, R., Burch, P., Feenstra, J.E., Jackson, W.B. and Lloyd, M.T.(2013). Snapper (Chrysophrys auratus)
Fishery. Fishery Assessment Report to PIRSA Fisheries and Aquaculture. South Australian Research and Development Institute
(Aquatic Sciences), Adelaide.F2007/000523-3.SARDI Research Report Series No.713.103pp. http://www.pir.sa.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/232286/Snapper_2013_Fishery_Assessment_Report.pdf
Hobday AJ, and G.T. Pecl (2013) Identification of global marine hotspots: sentinels for change and vanguards for adaptation.
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries. 24:415-425
Patterson, H, Georgeson, L, Stobutzki, I & Curtotti, R (ed) 2015, Fishery status reports 2015, Australian Bureau of Agricultural
and Resource Economics and Sciences, Canberra. CC BY 3.0. http://www.agriculture.gov.au/abares/publications/display?url=http://188.8.131.52/anrdl/DAFFService/display.php?fid=pb_fsr15d9abm_20151030.xml
Pitcher, C, Ellis, N, Althaus, F, Williams, A & McLeod, I 2015, ‘Predicting benthic impacts and recovery to support biodiversity
management in the South East Marine Region’, in N Bax & P Hedge (eds), Marine Biodiversity Hub, National Environmental
Research Program, final report 2011–2015, report to the Australian Government Department of the Environment, Canberra.
Ridgway, K.R., (2007) Long-term trend and decadal variability of the southward penetration of the East Australian Current.
Geophysical. Research Letters 34, L13613.
Saunders, T., Newman, S., Keag, M and Errity, C. 2014, Golden Snapper Lutjanus johnii, in M Flood, I Stobutzki, J Andrews,
C Ashby, G Begg, R Fletcher, C Gardner, L Georgeson, S Hansen, K Hartmann, P Hone, P Horvat, L Maloney, B McDonald, A Moore,
A Roelofs, K Sainsbury, T Saunders, T Smith, C Stewardson, J Stewart & B Wise (eds) 2014, Status of key Australian fish stocks
reports 2014, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Canberra. www.fish.gov.au
Smith, A.D.M., Smith, D.C., Tuck, G.N., Klaer, N., Punt, A.E., Knuckey, I., Prince, J., Morison, A., Kloser, R., Haddon,
M., Wayte, S., Day, J., Fay, G., Pribac, F., Fuller, M., Taylor, B. and L.R. Little (2008) Experience in implementing harvest
strategies in Australia’s south-eastern ﬁsheries. Fisheries Research 94:373–9.
Smith, A. D. M., Smith D. C., Haddon, M., Knuckey, I., Sainsbury, K. J., and Sloan, S. (2014) Implementing harvest strategies
in Australia: 5 years on. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 71: 195–203.
Tuck, GN, Knuckey, I & Klaer, NL 2013, Informing the review of the Commonwealth Policy on Fisheries Bycatch through assessing
trends in bycatch of key Commonwealth fisheries, FRDC final report 2012/046, FRDC, Canberra.
Tuck, G.N. (ed) (2015) Stock Assessment for the Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark Fishery 2014. Part 2. Australian
Fisheries Management Authority and CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Hobart. 432pp.
QUALITY OF DATA USED IN THE ASSESSMENT
As good as fishery catch data can be.
CUSTODIAN AND LOCATION OF DATA
AFMA and State agencies hold original data upon which the cited publications draw (details of specific data sets used to
generate the assessment have not been provided).
METHOD USED TO DETERMINE STATE OR RECENT TREND
Output from assessments published in relevant reports and publications.
When citing this Expert Assessment in a list of references use the following format:
citation author name/s (year metadata published), metadata title. Citation author organisation/s. File identifier and Data
accessed at (add http link).